What are the regulations for smoke detectors, carbon monoxide alarm and fire extinguishers?
TOWNSHIP OF MAHWAH FIRE PREVENTION
CARBON MONOXIDE ALARMS – WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW
On April 7, 2003 New Jersey adopted regulations for the installation of Carbon Monoxide Alarms in the vicinity of all sleeping areas in buildings that contain fuel burning appliances or have an attached garage.
Carbon Monoxide Alarms should be installed with 10 feet of any sleeping areas so they will be audible in each bedroom. Multiple Carbon Monoxide Alarms may be necessary to accomplish this requirement. The use of a combination Smoke and CO detector is allowed to fulfill the requirement.
Carbon Monoxide Alarms may be battery type, AC plug-in type or part of the building alarm system. All devices shall be listed and installed as per the manufacturers’ instructions.
CO DETECTORS 10 YEARS OLD OR OLDER MUST BE REPLACED
SMOKE DETECTORS – WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW
Smoke detector requirements vary because of code changes adopted over the past years. At a minimum, homes built prior to January 1977 require battery detectors to be installed. One on each level and outside of each sleeping area usually with 10 feet of any bedroom doors. The use of a combination Smoke and CO detector is allowed to fulfill the requirement. All installed systems must be maintained at all times (IFC 907.1.11.2).
Any building constructed after January 1977 needs to meet the requirements of the code at the time the building was constructed. If the code only required hard wired smoke detectors on one or two floors, 10 year sealed battery detectors (as of Jan 1, 2019) or hardwired detectors need to be installed on each floor. However, A/C-powered single or multiple-station smoke alarms installed as part of the original construction or rehabilitation project shall not be replaced with battery-powered smoke alarms.
SMOKE DETECTORS 10 YEARS OLD OR OLDER MUST BE REPLACED
LOW VOLTAGE FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS – WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW
Low Voltage Fire Alarm Systems and any Fire Alarms that are monitored by a central notification station must be maintained in accordance with NFPA 72 and the homeowner must provide a system test report at the time of inspection. Failure to provide a system test report that shows no deficiencies will be cause for failure and a re-inspection will be needed.
Starting January 1, 2006, Mahwah Fire Prevention will begin enforcing the adopted State requirements (N.J.S.A. 52:27D-198.1) for fire extinguishers in one and two family dwellings along with smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors at the change of occupancy.
The requirements for extinguisher type and placement are as follows:
- At least one portable fire extinguisher shall be installed in all one and two family dwellings upon change of occupancy.
- The extinguisher shall be listed, labeled, charged and operable.
- The size shall be no smaller than 2A:10B:C, rated for residential use and weighs no more than 10lbs.
- The hangers or brackets supplied by the manufacturer must be used.
- The extinguisher must be within 10 feet of the kitchen.
- The top of the extinguisher must be no more than 5 feet above the floor.
- The extinguisher must be visible and in a readily accessible location, free from being blocked by furniture, storage or other items.
- The extinguisher must be near a room exit or path of travel that provides as escape route to the exterior.
- The extinguisher must be accompanied by the owner’s manual or written information regarding the operation, inspection, and maintenance of the extinguisher.
- The extinguisher must be installed with the operating instructions clearly visible.
- New extinguishers are not required to be serviced and tagged, as long as proof of purchase or receipt is provided.