Township of Mahwah, NJ
Department of Fire Prevention  
Frequently Asked Questions  
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   Fire Prevention
      - Is there information available on what a resident may need to know in regards to Carbon Monoxide alarms, Smoke Dectors, and Low Voltage Fire Alarm systems?
      - What are the regulations for smoke detectors, carbon monoxide alarm and fire extinguishers?
      - What you need to know about Carbon Monoxide Alarms
      - What you need to know about Low Voltage Fire Alarm Systems
      - What you need to know about smoke detectors.
 


    Fire Prevention
          Is there information available on what a resident may need to know in regards to Carbon Monoxide alarms, Smoke Dectors, and Low Voltage Fire Alarm systems?
Effective January 1, 2006 Mahwah Fire Prevention  enforces the adopted State requirements (N.J.S.A. 52:27D-198.1) for fire extinguishers in one and two family dwellings along with smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors at the change of occupancy.  

The requirements for the extinguisher type and placement are as follows:
  1. At least one portable fire extinguisher shall be installed in all one and two family dwellings upon change of occupancy.
  2. The extinguisher shall be listed, labeled, charged, and operable.
  3. The size shall be no smaller than 2A:10B:C rated for residential use and weighs no more than 10 pounds.
  4. The hangers or brackets supplied by the manufacturer must be used.
  5. The extinguisher must be within 10 feet of the kitchen.
  6. The top of the extinguisher must be no more than five feet above the floor.
  7. The extinguisher must be visible and in a readily accessible location, free from being blocked by furniture, storage, or other items.
  8. The extinguisher must be near a room exit or path of travel that provides an escape route to the exterior.
  9. The extinguisher must be accompanied by the owner's manual or written information regarding the operation, inspection, and maintenance of the extinguisher.
  10. The extinguisher must be installed with the operating instruction clearly visible.
  11. New extinguishers are not required to be serviced and tagged, as long as proof of purchase or receipt is provided.


          What are the regulations for smoke detectors, carbon monoxide alarm and fire extinguishers?
N.J.A.C. 5:70-2.3 requires that before any one or two family residential dwelling is sold, leased, or otherwise made subject to a change of occupancy for residential purposes, the owner shall obtain a certificate of smoke detector and carbon monoxide alarm compliance.

P.L. 1991, c.92(C.52:27D-198.1) requires that one and two family dwellings at change of occupancy be provided with a portable fire extinguisher in addition to the requirements for smoke detectors and carbon monoxide alarms.

The following is the process to obtain this certificate:
  • Fill out a form at the Municipal Building Depatment of Fire Prevention. This may be done by the owner or authorized agent.
  • Pay an $80.00 fee.  Payment by check or cash; must be exact amount.
  • Schedule inspection.  Inspections are done Monday thru Friday between 7:30am and 9:00am, you may request your day and time.
  • If you pass the inspection, a certificate will be issued upon completion of the inspection by the Fire Prevention Inspector.
  • If dwelling is a two family dwelling, an application is required for each dwelling unit.
  • If the change of occupancy does not occur within six months a new application is required.
  • A new application is required for each change of occupancy. New occupant, new application.


          What you need to know about Carbon Monoxide Alarms
On April 7, 2003 New Jersey adopted regulations for the installation of Carbon Monoxide Alarms in the vicinity of all sleeping areas in buildings and contain fuel burning appliances or have an attached garage.

Carbon Monoxide Alarms should be installed within 10 feet of any sleeping areas so they will be audible in each bedroom.  Multiple Carbon Monoxide Alarms may be necessary to accomplsih this requirement.

Carbon Monoxide Alarms may be battery type, AC plug in type, or part of the builidng alarm system.  All devices shall be listed and installed as per the manufacturers instructions. 

 


          What you need to know about Low Voltage Fire Alarm Systems
Low Voltage Fire Alarm Systems and any Fire Alarms that are monitored by a central notification station require that the owner or person respresenting the owner be able to perform certaint tasks.
  1. If the Fire Alarm System in monitored by a central station they must be contacted and notified of the testing to prevent dispatching of the Fire Department.
  2. Most of these systems have a process to reset the system after each detector is tested.  This usually includes the systems security number and some action entered into the alarm panel.  This process must be known or the system cannot be tested.  This will cause a failure and re-inspection will need to be scheduled.


          What you need to know about smoke detectors.
Smoke Detector requirements vary because of code changes adopted over the past years. At a minimum, homes built prior to January 1977 require battery detectors to be installed one on each level and outside of each sleeping area usually within 10 feet of any bedroom doors.

Any building constructed after January 1977 needs to meet the requirements of the code at the time the building was constructed. If the codes only required hard wired smoke detectors on one or two floors, battery detectors or hardwired detectors need to be installed on each other floor.  Any hard wired detector may not be replaced with a battery detector.


 



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